SAGAN, CARL EDWARD (1934–1996), astronomer. Sagan was born in New York. He graduated from the University of Chicago in 1954, received his doctorate in 1960, and was appointed astrophysicist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Mass. (1962–68), during which period   he was also assistant professor at Harvard. In 1968 he was appointed a member of the faculty of Cornell University, where he was David Duncan Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences and Director of the Laboratory for Planetary Studies. He played a leading role in the Mariner, Viking and Voyager unmanned missions to the planets, and was from 1968 to 1980 editor-in-chief of Icarus: The International Journal of Solar System Studies. Sagan served as chairman of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society, as president of the Planetology Section of the American Geophysical Union, and was responsible for the Pioneer 10 and 11 and Voyager 1 and 2 interstellar messages. He wrote The Atmospheres of Mars and Venus (1961), Planets (1966), Intelligent Life in the Universe (1966), Planetary Exploration (1970), Mars and the Mind of Man (1973), The Cosmic Connection (1973), Other Worlds (1975), The Dragons of Eden (1977), Murmurs of Earth: The Voyager Interstellar Record (1979), Broca's Brain (1979), and Cosmos (1980). Sagan was the recipient of numerous awards, including the NASA Medals for Exceptional Scientific Achievement (1972), and for Distinguished Public Service (1977), the Prix Galabert (1973), and the Pulitzer Prize for Literature (1978).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Sagan, Carl Edward — ▪ 1997       U.S. astronomer and exobiologist (b. Nov. 9, 1934, New York, N.Y. d. Dec. 20, 1996, Seattle, Wash.), studied such diverse aspects of the solar system as the conditions of planetary surfaces and atmospheres and the possibility of… …   Universalium

  • Sagan , Carl Edward — (1934–1996) American astronomer Born in New York City, Sagan studied at the University of Chicago where he obtained his BS in 1955 and his PhD in 1960. He was a research fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, from 1960 to 1962 when he… …   Scientists

  • Sagan, Carl (Edward) — born Nov. 9, 1934, Brooklyn, N.Y., N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 20, 1996, Seattle, Wash. U.S. astronomer and science writer. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. At the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (1962–68), he focused on… …   Universalium

  • Sagan, Carl (Edward) — (9 nov. 1934, Brooklyn, N.Y., N.Y., EE.UU.–20 dic. 1996, Seattle, Wash.). Astrónomo y escritor científico estadounidense. Recibió su doctorado en la Universidad de Chicago. En el Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (1962–68) concentró sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Sagan, Carl — ▪ American astronomer in full  Carl Edward Sagan   born Nov. 9, 1934, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 20, 1996, Seattle, Wash.  American astronomer and science writer.       After obtaining his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1960, Sagan… …   Universalium

  • Sagan — Carl Edward …   Scientists

  • Carl Sagan — Sagan in 1980 Born November 9, 1934( …   Wikipedia

  • carl — carlish, adj. carlishness, n. /kahrl/, n. 1. Scot. a. a strong, robust fellow, esp. a strong manual laborer. b. a miser; an extremely thrifty person. 2. Archaic. a churl. 3. Obs. a bondman. Also, carle. [bef. 1000 (in compounds; see HOUSECARL);… …   Universalium

  • Carl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Andre Carl Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel Carl XVI Gustaf Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Correns Carl Erich Cuno Wilhelm Carl Josef Ditters …   Universalium

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